Neonatal facial coding system
Reliability of two behavioral tools to assess pain in preterm neonates
Bedside application of the Neonatal Facial Coding System in pain assessment of premature neonates.
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: (1). evaluate the validity of the Neonatal Facial Coding System (NFCS) for assessment of postoperative pain.
Pain. Jun;76(3) Bedside application of the Neonatal Facial Coding System in pain assessment of premature neonates. Grunau RE(1), Oberlander.
Description:A series of adults answered a questionnaire on personal and professional data and then they analyzed for 1 minute each of the 3 sets of pictures to answer the following question: However, the health professional group achieved a lower level of recognition of neonatal facial expressions of pain. Factors related to the personal and professional characteristics of the adults interviewed probably contributed to this result. Since the s, several researchers 1 pp 2 , 3 systematically analyzed the facial anatomical features of adults to evaluate emotional states. The use of varied nociceptive stimuli in adults and the analysis of the judgment made by diverse observers have demonstrated the consistency and validity of facial expression of pain, with the highlighting of 4 actions: